"Teaming involves a tentative, iterative approach to action that recognises the novelty and uncertainty inherent in every action between individuals." Amy Edmondson
Why is experimentation important?
To successfully innovate, companies need to experiment. That means creating an environment where employees’ curiosity is nurtured, where data trumps opinion, where anyone can conduct an experiment.
“In an increasingly digital world, if you don’t do large-scale experimentation, in the long term-and in many industries the short term—you’re dead.” — Mark Okerstrom, CEO of Expedia Group
1. Cultivate Curiosity
If you value surprises, people will see failures not as costly mistakes but as opportunities for learning.
2. Encourage experimentation in all areas
Don’t be too narrow in areas that merit experiments. Whenever there’s a high degree of uncertainty, conducting experiments is a cost effective way to test new ideas. This could be launching a new product or service or testing new approaches to working together.
3. Use data to assess results
Experimentation requires a data driven approach to making decisions. Empirical results must prevail when they clash with strong opinions, no matter whose opinions they are! This is hard because it goes against our natural biases. We tend to happily accept “good” results that confirm our biases but challenge and thoroughly investigate “bad” results that go against our assumptions.
4. Manage risk
When contemplating new experiments you must think carefully about the risks and ethics of the experiment. It’s great to test things out but it doesn't mean we can forget core codes of conduct or acting in accordance with our values.
Build – Measure – Learn
Eric Reiss, author of the Lean Start-up, advocates experimentation or “validated learning.”
Validated learning is having testable hypotheses about the world, designing experiments to test those hypotheses, and analysing the data to evaluate your hypotheses.
The approach he suggests is Build-Measure-Learn:
- Build: first, you set your hypothesis. What do you want to test that is vital to delivering your goals or plans? How are you going to measure this? Next, you build the smallest experiment necessary to test the hypothesis.
- Measure: next, you run the experiment. Often this means exposing users to the experiment (product or service) and collecting data on their behaviour and reaction.
- Learn: finally, you analyse the data and reflect – how far off was your hypothesis? What do you need to change about your plans and strategy? Should you actually change your entire direction? Then you update the hypothesis or set a new one.
- “In the Lean Startup model, an experiment is more than just a theoretical inquiry; it is also a first product.”Eric Reiss
Experimenting with your team
Experimentation isn’t just a philosophy for how we launch products and services. We can and should adopt a similar open attitude to experimentation in how we work with colleagues. Creating carefully crafted experiments to see how it affects, for example, our levels of collaboration and well being.
If an experiment doesn’t work out, you stop or adjust, and little is lost. If it does work out, it’s a small win; over time these add up so that your overall efforts are focused increasingly on what and who matter most.